Low-Cost Synthesis of Zsm-5 Zeolite Using Organic Silica from Rice Husk Agro Waste

  • Priyadi Priyadi Politeknik Negeri Lampung
  • Nurleni Kurniawati Program Studi Agroteknologi, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Dharma Wacana
  • Vera Prawestiana Jurusan Sains, Institut Teknologi Sumatera
Keywords: Rice Husk, Silica, Synthesis, Zeolite

Abstract

Rice husk is an agricultural waste that has the potential source of silica in low-cost zeolite synthesis. The objectives of this study were 1) silica extraction of rice husks as synthetic zeolite raw materials, 2) synthesis and characterized ZSM-5 zeolite from rice husks silica. Silica extraction was carried out by soaking rice husks using a heated 15% NaOH solution. Furthermore, 10% HNO3 solution was added to pH 7 for 12 hours. The filtrate dried in an oven for 12 hours at 100oC. Analysis of silica composition using XRF, crystallinity using XRD, and SEM for morphology. The results showed that rice husks were successfully extracted with an alkali addition and used as a source of silica in the synthesized of ZSM-5 zeolite. The zeolite synthesis was carried out with a low temperature of 90oC and a structural directing agent decrease. Zeolite ZSM-5 showed that the level of crystallinity and morphology by the standard ZSM-5 zeolite. Decreasing of the structural directing agent was found at the SDA/Si ratio of 0.045.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

ACS Material. (2021). Technical Data Sheet ACS Material Silicon nanoparticles. www.acsmaterial.com

Athinarayanan, J., Periasamy, V. S., Alhazmi, M., Alatiah, K. A., & Alshatwi, A. A. (2015). Synthesis of biogenic silica nanoparticles from rice husks for biomedical applications. Ceramics International, 41(1), 275–281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.08.069

Azat, S., Korobeinyk, A. V., Moustakas, K., & Inglezakis, V. J. (2019). Sustainable production of pure silica from rice husk waste in Kazakhstan. Journal of Cleaner Production, 217, 352–359. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.142

Dhankhar, P. (2014). Rice Milling. IOSR Journal of Engineering, 4(5), 34–42. https://doi.org/10.9790/3021-04543442

Hossain, S. K. S., Mathur, L., & Roy, P. K. (2018). Rice husk/rice husk ash as an alternative source of silica in ceramics: A review. Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies, 6(4), 299–313. https://doi.org/10.1080/21870764.2018.1539210

Jesudoss, S. K., Vijaya, J. J., Kaviyarasu, K., Kennedy, L. J., Jothi Ramalingam, R., & Al-Lohedan, H. A. (2018). Anti-cancer activity of hierarchical ZSM-5 zeolites synthesized from rice-based waste materials. RSC Advances, 8(1), 481–490. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7ra11763a

Kordatos, K., Ntziouni, A., Iliadis, L., & Kasselouri-Rigopoulou, V. (2013). Utilization of amorphous rice husk ash for the synthesis of ZSM-5 zeolite under low temperature. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 15(4), 571–580. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-013-0141-x

Kumari, A., & Singh, A. K. (2020). From Amorphous to crystalline nature of silica nanoparticles obtain from rice husk. Wutan Huatan Jisuan Jishu, 16(4), 532–538.

Li, H., Cheng, R., Liu, Z., & Du, C. (2019). Waste control by waste: Fenton–like oxidation of phenol over Cu modified ZSM–5 from coal gangue. Science of the Total Environment, 683, 638–647. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.242

Moraes, J. C. B., Font, A., Soriano, L., Akasaki, J. L., Tashima, M. M., Monzó, J., Borrachero, M. V., & Payá, J. (2018). New use of sugar cane straw ash in alkali-activated materials: A silica source for the preparation of the alkaline activator. Construction and Building Materials, 171, 611–621. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.03.230

Priyadi, Iskandar, Suwardi, & Mukti, R. (2015). Characteristics of Heavy Metals Adsorption Cu, Pb and Cd Using Synthetics Zeolite Zsm-5. J Trop Soils, 20(2), 77–83. https://doi.org/10.5400/jts.2015.20.2.77

Sandhu, R. K., & Siddique, R. (2017). Influence of rice husk ash (RHA) on the properties of self-compacting concrete: A review. Construction and Building Materials, 153, 751–764. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.07.165

Wang, L., Zhang, Z., Yin, C., Shan, Z., & Xiao, F. S. (2010). Hierarchical mesoporous zeolites with controllable mesoporosity templated from cationic polymers. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 131(1–3), 58–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2009.12.001

Wang, Y., Fan, S., Zhang, J., & Zhao, T. S. (2015). Effects of synthesis conditions on the yields and properties of HZSM-5. Crystal Research and Technology, 50(7), 522–527. https://doi.org/10.1002/crat.201400481

Yodyingyong, S., Panijpan, B., Triampo, W., & Triampo, D. (2009). An inexpensive furnace for calcination: Simple TiO2 synthesis. Journal of Chemical Education, 86(8), 950–952. https://doi.org/10.1021/ed086p950

Yu, J., Zhang, J., He, J., Liu, Z., & Yu, Z. (2009). Combinations of mild physical or chemical pretreatment with biological pretreatment for enzymatic hydrolysis of rice hull. Bioresource Technology, 100(2), 903–908. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2008.07.025

Zarei, V., Mirzaasadi, M., Davarpanah, A., Nasiri, A., Valizadeh, M., & Hosseini, M. J. S. (2021). Environmental method for synthesizing amorphous silica oxide nanoparticles from a natural material. Processes, 9(2), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9020334

Published
2022-06-16
How to Cite
Priyadi, P., Kurniawati, N., & Prawestiana, V. (2022). Low-Cost Synthesis of Zsm-5 Zeolite Using Organic Silica from Rice Husk Agro Waste. AGRITEPA: Jurnal Ilmu Dan Teknologi Pertanian, 9(1), 29-40. https://doi.org/10.37676/agritepa.v9i1.2104
Section
Article Reasearch